Internet of Things( IoT ) based on the concept of connectivity, if all of your electronic devices start interacting with each other and to you as well.
Suppose your alarm clock is connected to your water heater which is connected to your bread toaster and music system and all are connected to the internet working in coordination with each other for your comfort so that as you wake up in the morning you will get a warm shower and soon after that hot meal while listening to your favorite music. This is just one example of the Internet of Things.
Internet of Things is a system of systems that means all the electronic devices will be connected to each other in a local area forming a system and further these systems will connect to each other forming a large network a system that is the building blocks of the Internet of Things. So IOT is nothing but it is a next-generation device that can sense respect of the real world like temperature, the lightning presence or absence of people or objects and communicate that real-time information or work on it.
How consumer devices which work with IoT:
Home and street lighting and electrical devices which can be controlled by sensors, timers, and remote applications.
Appliances like refrigerators, washers, dryers etc, which have specific tasks and can alarm you to their status remotely.
Web cameras, movement sensors, automatic locks, and other access control devices which can be coordinated into advanced security and monitoring systems.
Electric car chargers, power banks, and other devices which can remotely charge at a time when demand is less to save money and reduce peak energy demands.
Automobiles are also popular in many ways themselves a sensor network, tracking numbers of types of knowledge about their performance and safety, as well as providing new features and security options.
The environmental sensors include water, noise, and air quality monitors can help to get pollution level and effects before they negatively impact ecosystem and human health.
Smoke alarms, water leak sensors, harmful gases sensors, and other devices designed to protect people and property from accidental damage.
Different Applications of the Internet of Things:
Better sensing devices, computing capabilities, and advanced wireless networks have made possible the expansion of IoT systems and made their applications much common across many sectors.
In the field of Consumer: Internet of things applications in consumer area which include private health gadgets to high-quality smart domestic automation devices. Domestic security is simply one issue of the clever domestic where the internet of things is becoming an increasing number of critical Intrusions and unauthorized entries can now monitor and prevent earlier than matters got out of hand.
In the field of Healthcare: In healthcare and the general practice of medicine gets enhanced with the IoT system. The resources that current medical research uses lack of critical real-world data. Internet Of Things opens doors to a vast valuable data and information through analysis, real-time field data, and testing.
In the field of Education: IoT enhances education by allowing optimization of all content and forms of delivery. A computational Internet of Things devices for faculties and studying facilities enables to create smarter lesson plans, maintain vital resources, improves admission records, design safer campuses and much more.
In the field of Agriculture: Internet of Things Applications in Agriculture, By using various smart agriculture devices, farmers have obtained better control over the process of raising livestock and growing crops, making it more predictable and improving its efficiency.
In the field of Industrial: Implementation of IoT in manufacturing industries to enhance manufacturing and industrial processes. For a long time, industries and plants have had sensors and systems to track progress but the Internet of Things takes a step further and provides complexities to upcoming problems.
In the field of Transportation: Internet of Things is improving transportation and logistics. Transportation today allows us to access public transit, shipping, ride sharing, and a lot of conveniences. IoT provides solutions to passenger security and fleet management to assembly processes and delivery times, the transportation and logistics industry needs solutions that drive its people and cargo safely and efficiently.
IoT Security: Threats
Internet of Things things that are connected to the internet everything from a mobile phone to your PC to light bulbs fridge security cameras things that are kicked into the internet and you also probably heard recently in the news that there are some security concerns about the whole idea of the Internet of Things well what are those security problems.
An IoT system attack is an exploit in which the attacker takes advantage of a vulnerable device to gain network access. Internet of Things delivers significant benefits to end users. However, it also brings unknown security challenges. Embedded IoT system hacking is the exploiting of vulnerabilities in embedded software to gain control of the device. Attackers have hacked embedded system to spy on the devices, to take control of them or simply to disable them.